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Old 27-07-16, 05:49   #1
 
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Olympic Rings Olympic Games Rio 2016 >NEW Drug Tests + Dangerous & Filthy Accommodations



Cheats Beware! Revolutionary Gene Doping Test Will Be Used at the Olympics for The First Time


  • Test can identify presence of synthetic genes for erythropoietin hormone
  • EPO hormone stimulates production of oxygen-carrying red blood cells
  • Lance Armstrong used transfusions of EPO protein to boost performance

Daily Mail UK, 26 July 2016.


A gene test that detects the illicit injection of DNA to boost an athlete's performance will be used at the Olympic Games in Rio for the first time.
The test can identify the presence of synthetic genes for the erythropoietin (EPO) hormone which artificially stimulates the production of oxygen-carrying red blood cells in the body.


In previous doping scandals, athletes such as the US cyclist Lance Armstrong have relied on direct transfusions of the EPO protein to enhance their stamina and performance.








The test, to be used at the Rio Olympics, can identify the presence of synthetic genes for the erythropoietin (EPO) hormone which artificially stimulates the production of oxygen-carrying red blood cells in the body. A stock image of samples in an anti-doping lab is shown



.
Quote:
WHAT DOES THE TEST DO?

The test detects the illicit injection of DNA to boost an athlete's performance.

It can identify the presence of synthetic genes for the erythropoietin (EPO) hormone, which artificially stimulates the production of oxygen-carrying red blood cells in the body.

Gene doping involves the transfusion of the EPO gene into the body using viral 'vectors' that inject the gene directly into the cells of the muscles, kidneys and other organs where EPO production can be boosted.

But this method of blood doping can now be detected so there are fears that unscrupulous sports people may switch to injecting the genes for EPO.

These foreign genes become integrated into the EPO-making machinery of the body, with the effect of boosting the body's red blood cells without detection.


The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) is so concerned that athletes can now bypass its blood doping tests with gene doping that it has decided to introduce the first gene test in sport, said Carl Sundberg of the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, an expert adviser to the agency.


'The suspicion is that for the first time gene doping may employ the technology that is used for gene transfer in the health care setting,' said Dr Sundberg, speaking at the ESOF science forum in Manchester UK.






In previous doping scandals, athletes such as the US cyclist Lance Armstrong (pictured above) have relied on direct transfusions of the EPO protein to enhance their stamina and performance


'We've prepared ourselves over the past 15 years of research to detect whether genes have been transferred into the body. Gene doping copies, or mimics, what is done in gene therapy,' he said.

Gene doping involves the transfusion of the EPO gene into the body using viral 'vectors' that inject the gene directly into the cells of the muscles, kidneys and other organs where EPO production can be boosted.

The new test, carried out on blood sample, identifies the presence of these viral vectors as well as highlighting the presence of synthetic EPO genes, which are slightly shorter than the normal EPO genes of the body, Dr Sundberg said.

'These are the two fingerprint principles that are necessary from a legal perspective.
'The test will only just be introduced in Rio.
'It hasn't been used in a real situation,' he said





The blood samples will be flown out of Brazil to specialised labs in Australia and other parts of the world where there will be analysed after the Olympics have ended. This shot shows the Olympic Beach Volleyball Areana in Rio de Janeiro



Professor Arne Ljungqvist, a veteran anti-doping expert, warned that gene doping could be the next big scandal to unfold in international sport.

'What is problematic is that it can be pretty easily done by non-professionals at high risk. That is what worries the gene therapists around the world,' Professor Ljungqvist said.

'Their own science may come into disrepute because of mishaps by amateurs doing this for doping purposes in the cellar or in the kitchen at home. It is very dangerous,' he told the ESOF meeting.
END



RELATED:

Ceilings Falling in, Exposed Wires and Buckets to Catch Water Leaks:

Inside the 'Unlivable' Athlete Accommodation in Rio's Olympic Village That Australians Refused to Move in To...


New images have emerged showing the horrendous conditions of the rooms in the athletes village at
  • The pictures were taken in the section designated for the Australian team who have already refused to move in
  • Ceilings can be seen caving in, while exposed wires hang from ceilings, and buckets are lined up to catch leaks

Daily Mail UK, 26 July 2016.



New pictures have laid bare the dirty bedrooms, leaking ceilings and exposed wires in the athlete's village which some competitors have branded 'unliveable' and sparked a blank refusal to move in from the Australian team.

With less than a fortnight until the Olympic Games begins in the Brazilian city, athletes have begun arriving at the village which consists of a number of tower blocks.

However, many have complained that the facilities are not up to scratch with delegates from the Australian, Belorussian and Argentinian teams all expressing concern over the rooms for their competitors.






Rubble: A set of ladders can be seen next to a pile of plaster on the ground in the Olympic Village which has been branded 'unliveable' by the Australian team






Leaks: The pictures taken of the section designated to Australian athletes also showed buckets lined up to catch water running down the walls



And now pictures have emerged of inside the athlete's village designated for the Australian team showing how contractors are still working to get the village ready in time, with broken tiles and ladders in one room.

Other images show exposed wires hanging from holes in the ceilings as well as buckets lined up to catch water from leaking walls.


The new pictures come just days after some athletes already at the village reported blocked toilets, leaking pipes and dirty floors at the complex in Rio.
The Australian Olympic team even said they would boycott the village after officials deemed their assigned apartment tower blocks uninhabitable.










Dangerous: Exposed wires can also be seen hanging down from a hole in the ceiling near rooms where the athletes will stay during Rio 2016






Refusal: Australian Olympic boss Kitty Chiller said she decided no Australian team member would live in the allocated building after tests revealed a variety of problems with gas, electricity and plumbing



Australian Olympic boss Kitty Chiller said she decided no Australian team member would live in the allocated building after tests revealed a variety of problems with gas, electricity and plumbing.

'Water came down walls, there was a strong smell of gas in some apartments and there was 'shorting' in the electrical wiring,' she said.
'We have been living in nearby hotels because the village is simply not safe or ready.'


The 31 new residential towers, which each have 17 storeys, are where nearly 11,000 athletes, as well as some 6,000 coaches and other officials will sleep, eat and train at the upcoming Rio de Janeiro Olympics .
The complex, described as a 'city within the city,' includes a massive cafeteria and gym, a post office, a first aid centre and bank.

The village has been described as the largest in Olympic history.





Unfinished: A huge hole in the ceiling of one of the rooms in the village that had fallen through, even though athletes are now moving in










Village: The high rise flats in the Olympic village that have been designated for the Australian team during the Rio 2016 Games



Rio 2016 communications director Mario Andrada expressed disappointment that some delegations had not found the village to their liking, but stressed that remaining issues would be addressed before the start of the Games next week.

Mr Andrada said: 'We have 630 men working 24 hours a day to fix problems in the Olympic Village and to deliver flawlessly before the end of the week, probably on Thursday.
'We are not ashamed of what has happened, but we are sad that not all the athletes have found (the accommodation) to their liking.'


While athletes are not required to stay in the village - and indeed many of the biggest-name stars may end up staying in alternative housing outside the complex - organisers said the village will be the highest-security facility of a games patrolled by 85,000 police and soldiers.

That is twice as the number of security forces as at the 2012 games in London.

A double fence will ring the perimeter of the complex, and everyone coming in and out will be subject to airport security procedures, complete with X-rays of all incoming bags and luggage.





What the rooms have been billed as looking like in the complex, which has been described as 'a city within the city' in Rio de Janeiro





The apartments all come with air conditioning units and electric mosquito-repelling apparatuses - aimed at preventing the spread of the Zika virus, which has been linked to a surge in Brazil cases of the birth defect microcephaly





Extra maintenance staff and more than one thousand cleaners have been deployed to fix the problems and clean up the accommodation within the athletes' village





Officials have condemned the Athletes' Village in Rio as 'unliveable' two weeks ahead of the Games opening ceremony in Brazil



All the bedrooms are doubles, kitted out with two beds that can be extended out to 2.3 metres for the tallest athletes, as well as what appeared to be a disposable wardrobe made out of fabric stretched over a metal frame.
In the living room, there are a few basic armchairs and a clothes drying rack.

The criticism of the athletes' village was another embarrassing blow for host Brazil, which is struggling to show all will be well with the 2016 Olympics to open August 5, despite low ticket sales and general public apathy amid a deep recession.
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