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Old 08-10-15, 19:25   #1
 
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Earth New Species Found >Walking Fish/Sneezing Monkies erc..

Atishoo! Rare Monkey that Sneezes When it Rains, a Walking Fish and a Suicidal Snake Discovered in the Himalayas

  • A report has highlighted 200 new species found in the Eastern Himalayas
  • The snub-nosed monkey Rhinopithcus strykeri has weird upturned nostrils
  • It apparently sneezes during the rain as water droplets get into its nose
  • A fish capable of surviving for 4 days on land was also found in the region
8 October 2015, Daily Mail Australia



A monkey that sneezes when it rains, a walking fish and a suicidal snake are among 200 new species discovered hiding in the mountainous forests of the Eastern Himalayas.

The creatures were discovered by scientists leading expeditions to remote areas of Nepal, Myanmar, Bhutan and north-east India.

The snub-nosed monkey, named Rhinopithecus strykeri, is the largest primate of its kind in the world but is considered to be critically endangered.








The critically endangered snub-nosed monkey Rhinopithecus strykeri (pictured above) is said by local hunters living in north east Myanmar to be easy to find when it rains as the drops of water can make it sneeze. The primate apparently shelters its head between its legs to prevent water getting into its strange nostrils



With dark black fur, it has a strange upturned nose that apparently gets blocked with water when it rains, causing the animals to sneeze.

Researchers first heard about the species, which has a body length of around 21 inches, from local hunters from the Lisu people, who live in north east Myanmar where the monkey is found.

They call the creatures 'myuk na tok te', which means 'monkey with an upturned face', and they say it is easy to find the monkeys from their sneezes.
They claim that the animals sit sheltering their heads between their knees when it rains to avoid getting drops of water in their nostrils.

However, sightings of the monkeys are rare and few images of them in the wild exist.


Another remarkable discovery was a vibrant blue dwarf snakehead fish which can breath air and survive on land for up to four days.

Discovered in the swamps of Lefraguri in west Bengal, Channa andrao, as has been named by scientists, is an aggressive predator.
It can wriggle up to quarter of a mile on land to move between bodies of water.

Although more at home in the water, where they lurk close to the bottom to ambush their prey, it is thought these fish may provide some clues as to how animals first began colonising the land around 430 million years ago.

Heather Sohl, chief advistor of species for WWF-UK, said the wealth of weird and wonderful species discovered in recent years show just how much of the biodiversity of the Himalaya is still poorly understood.

She said: 'These new discoveries show that there is still a huge amount to learn about the species that share our world.
'It is a stark reminder that if we don't act now to protect these fragile ecosystems, untold natural riches could be lost forever.'





Rhinopithecus strykeri (shown in a reconstruction above), is rarely seen and has only been captured using motion sensitive camera trap technology. It is among more than 200 recently discovered species in remote parts of the Eastern Himalaya to be highlighted in a new report by the WWF





Flecked with vibrant blue, a dwarf snakehead fish called Channa andrao is another of the remarkable new species to be discovered. Although it has gills, this aggressive predator can breath air and can survive on land for up to four days, traveling up to quarter of a mile between bodies of water with its wriggling 'walk'





The new species were found in remote areas of the the Eastern Himalaya, which stretches from the northern most parts of India, across Nebal, Bhutan, Myanmar and Tibet (illustrated)




WWF has produced a report, called Hidden Himalayas: Asia's Wonderland, to highlight the diversity of species there that are being threatened by industrial development in the region.
The Living Himalayas Initiative is aimed at encouraging local people to value their ecosystems and the animals they contain.

The report maps out 200 new species which have been discovered in recent years.
Among them is a lance-headed pit viper that looks more like a piece of jewellery than an animal.
Named Protobothrops himalayansus, these venomous snakes have striking red-brown bands that give the animal a vaguely iridescent quality.

Another new elusive species of pit viper was found in Sango Papum Pare in India, which has still to be named.





The Himalayan lance-headed pit viper (pictured) has striking red-brown bands. Its scales give it a vagule iridescent look, making it appear more like a piece of jewellery, say the scientists who found it





A small frog found hiding under leaf litter beside a mountain stream in north east India was found to have striking blue eyes. Despite its small size, it produces a distinctive and loud croak


It can lay large clutches of up to 30 eggs, but perhaps more astonishingly when scientists tried to get closer look at a male and female of this species, they killed themselves using their own fangs.

A strange blue-eyed frog was one of 10 new amphibians discovered in the region.
Measuring just 1.8 inches long, Leptobrachium bompu was discovered beside a stream at the Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary the Himalayan foothills of West Kameng District, north east India.

Despite its small size, the male frogs have a loud croak that can be heard up to 500 feet away.

In a small mountain stream in the far north of Myanmar, researchers discovered a fish with fangs they have named the Dracula minnow.
First found in 2009, the exact use of the fangs is still unknown, but they are thought to be part of the skeleton of the fish protruding from its mouth.

Named Danionella Dracula, the species was named after the fanged vampire from Bram Stoker's novel.





A new species of bird, the spotted wren babbler, Elachura formosa (pictured), was also discovered in thick undergrowth in the dense forests of the Eastern Himalayas. The males produce a characteristic high pitched song that is unlike any other bird in Asia


Also among the new species discovered recently in the eastern Himalayas were 133 new plants, 39 invertebrates and 26 fish and one bird.

However, scientists warn that many of these are already under threat as habitats are damaged or destroyed in the region.

Climate change, deforestation, poaching, mining, dam building and pollution are all putting pressure on the estimated 10,000 species that live in the region.

Ravi Singh, chair of the WWF Living Himalayas Initiative said: 'The region – home to a staggering number of species including some of the most charismatic fauna – continues to surprise the world with the nature and pace of species discovery.'


Quote:
GLOWING TURTLES DISCOVERED

The world's first known 'glowing' reptile has been discovered swimming in the South Pacific.
The hawksbill sea turtle, spotted off the Solomon Islands, is the first reptile seen to exhibit biofluorescence.
The creature was spotted in July by marine biologist David Gruber, who was on a nightdive hoping to capture footage of biofluorescent sharks and coral reefs.

Gruber, based at City University in New York, described the endangered turtle as looking like 'a big spaceship gliding into view'

In exclusive National Geographic footage, the turtle glows green and red, although it is thought that the red could be down to algae growing on the reptile's shell.
Scientists are yet to work out why the turtle exhibits this unusual feature.

Alexander Gaos, director of the Eastern Pacific Hawksbill Initiative, said: '[Biofluorescence is] usually used for finding and attracting prey or defense or some kind of communication.
It can also be used to attract a mate.
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